Katherine Beckett and Steve Herbert
With urban poverty rising and affordable housing disappearing, the homeless and other “disorderly” people continue to occupy public space in many American cities. Concerned about the alleged ill effects their presence inflicts on property values and public safety, many cities have wholeheartedly embraced “zero-tolerance” or “broken window” policing efforts to clear the streets of unwanted people. Through an almost completely unnoticed set of practices, these people are banned from occupying certain spaces. Once zoned out, they are subject to arrest if they return—effectively banished from public places.
Banished is the first exploration of these new tactics that dramatically enhance the power of the police to monitor and arrest thousands of city dwellers. Drawing upon an extensive body of data, the authors chart the rise of banishment in Seattle, a city on the leading edge of this emerging trend, to establish how it works and explore its ramifications. They demonstrate that, although the practice allows police and public officials to appear responsive to concerns about urban disorder, it is a highly questionable policy: it is expensive, does not reduce crime, and does not address the underlying conditions that generate urban poverty. Moreover, interviews with the banished themselves reveal that exclusion makes their lives and their path to self-sufficiency immeasurably more difficult.
Katherine Beckett is Professor in the Department of Sociology and the Law, Societies & Justice Program at the University of Washington in Seattle and co-author of The Politics of Injustice: Crime and Punishment, 2E (2004) and Making Crime Pay: Law and Order in Contemporary American Politics (OUP 1997).
Steve Herbert is Professor in the Department of Geography and Law, Societies & Justice Program at the University of Washington in Seattle. He is the author of Citizens, Cops, and Power: Recognizing the Limits of Community (2006) and Policing Space: Territoriality and the Los Angeles Police Department (1997).